Education: Did You Know?
In this module, you’ll learn about the importance of education, its history and how it will impact the developing world. You will find facts about educational efforts across the globe and hints on improving your study habits. You will also gain access to many resources from primary education through college.
Education is the process that one gathers information, knowledge and skills from the world around them. This process is repeated over and over as society passes along these skills and values from one generation to the next. It is one of the most important aspects of life and found every corner of the world. The word education is derived from the educare, which is Latin for “to bring up”. Education is the only way that each generation can acquire these important aspects of life, and to apply it to the world they live. A good education is necessary for the growth and development of a country and its citizens because the citizens make the country. Universal primary education is part of the millennium development goals, and many countries are on the path to accomplishing this goal.
The origins of education can be traced back to the early days of humans as parents passed down knowledge and essential survival skills to their offspring. In the days of early antiquity, the Egyptians had set up schools to educate their citizens. One of the most important aspects, writing, was developed during this time, 3500 BC. The Greeks and Romans acquired much of their knowledge from the Egyptians as they developed their own writing systems and language. With each millennia, a new civilization incorporated older values and culture into their own. Throughout history, we can see the process of education as knowledge about the world passed from the societies in the Mediterranean to the Middle East and back across Europe in the Middle Ages. Just like in today’s world, societies set up schools to educate their citizens in a variety of disciplines.
In the world today, education has become of one the most facets of daily life. Everyday we learn new information to help us make better informed decisions about the world around us. Without a dedicated workforce of teachers, our young would not be given the opportunity to grow and prosper in a increasingly globalized society. These teachers are able to educate us about subjects such as math, science, history and literature. In most countries, governments set standards for the years of schooling required as well as what subjects should be taught. By getting a good education, most people will have the opportunity to go to college or university. There we are able to get the skills and information needed to become global citizens. In today’s increasingly globalized and complex world, a good college education is the only way for one to better to compete with the rest of the world in finding a good job to support yourself and your family. As we have seen, college graduates not only have to compete within their individual country, but with graduates from every corner of the globe. It is one of the most important ways we can reduce poverty and inequality and promote economic growth in all regions of the world.
Lesser Known Facts
- Worldwide, more than 700 million adults are illiterate, and 72 million school age children are not in school.
- Sub-Saharan Africa is the poorest region in the world and has low literacy rates.
- Almost half of the world’s out of school children live in Sub-Saharan Africa and around one quarter live in South Asia.
- Worldwide, there are a higher percentage of girls in primary schools than boys.
- Sponsored by the United Nations, the Millennium Development goals were designed to help raise worldwide education standards; among other things.
- According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the average college graduate will make more than one million dollars more than the average high school graduate throughout the course of their life.
- If you attend college in the U.S., you do not need to take the SAT or ACT or pass an admissions test to go to a community college. You simply need to enroll in the classes of your choosing.
- A two-year community college in the U.S. costs the least, is the easiest to get accepted into and can often be found near your home.
- A four-year college or university is the only way to get a Bachelor’s degree.
- Public universities usually cost less, are large in size and offer solid academic programs.
- According to the U.S. Department of Justice, almost half of juvenile crime occurs on weekdays between 2pm-8pm, putting children at an increased risk of becoming a victim of a violent crime. Parents across the country are turning to after-school programs to provide a safe place for their child until they get off work.
- Research shows that parent involvement in education improves student behavior and attendance.
- Students with involved parents are more likely to- have higher grades and test scores, attend school regularly, have better social skills and improved behavior at school, graduate high school and go on to post-secondary education.
- The Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of agriculture was started in 2002 and today it serves 1.4 million children in 1,800 different schools throughout the U.S.
- Educating girls is one of the most effective ways for ending poverty in developing nations.
- The benefits of educating girls are seen by individuals, their families, and throughout society. These benefits include: reducing the number of babies women have, lowering infant and child mortality rates, lower maternal mortality rates, protecting against HIV/AIDS infection, increased number of women with jobs and higher earnings.
- 79% of male youths are literate in Rwanda.
- According to the World Bank, each year of school prevents 2 maternal deaths out of 1000 women each year.
- According to Plan International’s “Because I am a Girl” 2009 Report, an extra year of education increases a girl’s future income by 10 to 20%, but only 5 to 15% for boys.
- A year of secondary education leads to even higher income in the 15 to 25% range.
- 81.5% of people in Sierra Leone are living in poverty; 38% of the adult population is literate.
- 62% of adults in Haiti are literate, and the average yearly income in Haiti is less than $300.
- 26% of female youths in Niger are literate.
- 39% of people in Ethiopia live on at least $1.25 USD per day.
- There are 641,695 primary/basic schools in India.